InKuhn added a postscript to the book in which he replied to critical responses to the first edition. Kuhn later commented that until then, "I'd never read an old document in science. About motion, in particular, his writings seemed to me full of egregious errors, both of logic and of observation. While perusing Aristotle's Physics, Kuhn formed the view that in order to properly appreciate Aristotle's reasoning, one must be aware of the scientific conventions of the time.
Science, like art, is concerned ultimately with the quest for truth and reality. Every scientist questions what he notices and tries to analyse it.
Science does not simply sit down and pray for things to happen; on the contrary, it seeks to find out why things happen—all in a spirit of enquiry and the quest for reality. So the scientists experiment again and again. Through both failures and successes they add to human knowledge, surely and confidently, bit by bit.
There is no doubt that the modern world has been made by science. But these had their limitations; Scientific spirit essay vision and scope were narrow. Science, on the other hand, is boundless; it has opened up vast vistas, many of them still waiting to be fully explored.
While religious attitudes in ancient times were narrow and born of fear and superstition, science is wide, courageous and totally free from bias, prejudice and superstitions. While religion and the spirit have a limited field, science encourages the spirit of enquiry and an open mind.
Thus, the attitude and the approach of science and the spirit are totally different. It is not correct, however, to say that science is inimical to the life of the spirit. The approach, the scope and the content are obviously different, but science does not seek to interfere with religious and spiritual matters.
If spiritualists seek to approach and please some imaginary beings by prayers in temples, mosques and churches, the scientists, though disapproving of such practices, do not check them, nor do they come into conflict with them, but let them please themselves.
We have never heard of a scientist sitting "dharna" at a temple, mosque or other centre of worship or spiritualism, in order to thwart a religious practice. In fact, scientists remain preoccupied with their research and analysis. They prefer to be left alone and not to be interrupted or bothered by non- scientific or other extraneous matters.
A life of the spirit is totally different from a scientific life, but there is no conflict or animosity between religion and science. It is true, however, that as science advances, and technological innovations dominate the lives of countless people, religious and spiritual beliefs tend to weaken.
The force and compulsions of spiritualism are not totally eliminated, nor are they vanishing, but their intensity and popularity are no longer what they used to be. Those who assert that science and spiritualism are mutually contradictory and wholly irreconcilable apparently take a short-sighted view of things.
They are not authoritarian, while the spiritualists are assertive and dogmatic. Hypocrisy and supposition are not compatible with science, but these are not uncommon in religion. There are some people, however, who have held the view that science has always been inimical to a life of the spirit.
In support of their stand, they quote the animosity of the Church in olden times and in the Middle Ages A. Churchmen go all out to defend what God has ordained or what has been the custom or tradition for ages. Science has brought in rationalism. The Pope and all Catholics even now denounce modern and scientific methods of family planning, in the firm belief that what is natural should not be checked.
But the impact of these and other traditional beliefs is distinctly weaker now. These shows that even without any aggressive move by scientists to enforce their viewpoint, the vested interests are losing their strength. The old Church would not even let pain and suffering of patients in hospitals be relieved by scientific methods.
The Catholics argue that God had intended women to suffer; else, He would not have made birth of infants a laborious, painful process.
Pain killers are not approved by the traditional Church, but even faithful followers of Pope accept modern medicines to relieve themselves of avoidable suffering. Actually, religious crusaders and blind followers of priests have done much havoc in the course of history.
People have been massacred, burnt alive or lynched, and immense property recklessly destroyed in the name of religion. The well known Crusades were series of wars between ardently religious people of various beliefs. In ancient Indian history there were wars between Hindus and Buddhists.
Indian mythology is full of accounts of wars between gods and devils. The Gita has been described by critics as a big sermon on war.Is it possible to talk about the pollution of sexuality in the same way that we can talk about the pollution of the air with sulfur dioxide belched out of smoke stacks or pollution of the water.
I like the faith message that I get out of the "literary device" viewpoint. My only minor quibble is that the order of Genesis 1 is close enough to the natural scientific order. Spirit Scientific is led by a group of interdisciplinary scientists and technologists with medical, biology, chemistry and engineering background who aims to.
God, Sexuality and the Self is a new venture in systematic theology. Sarah Coakley invites the reader to re-conceive the relation of sexual desire and the desire for God and - through the lens of prayer practice - to chart the intrinsic connection of this relation to a theology of the Trinity.
Spirit and spirituality One of the most beautiful contemporary descriptions can be found in a short essay When we discuss the relationship between science and. The zodiac and Precession. Excerpts from the first chapter of Maggie Hyde's book Jung and Astrology, The Earth's equatorial bulge, coupled with the obliquity of the ecliptic, allow the Sun and the Moon to exert forces on the Earth which produce a torque about its center of mass.