One could make the case that Lowry uses the context of World War II as a way of making these difficulties stand out clearly. Growing up is presented as a struggle for identity. Does Annemarie belong to the world of adults or to the world of children?
Subscribe to the mailing list. Added addendum pointing to David Sifry's "Technorati Interesting Newcomers" list, which is in part a response to this article. A persistent theme among people writing about the social aspects of weblogging is to note and usually lament the rise of an A-list, a small set of webloggers who account for a majority of the traffic in the weblog world.
A new social system starts, and seems delightfully free of the elitism and cliquishness of the existing systems. Then, as the new system grows, problems of scale set in. Not everyone can participate in every conversation.
Not everyone gets to be heard.
Some core group seems more connected than the rest of us, and so on. Prior to recent theoretical work on social networks, the usual explanations invoked individual behaviors: We now know that these explanations are wrong, or at least beside the point.
What matters Number the stars theme essay this: Diversity plus freedom of choice creates inequality, and the greater the diversity, the more extreme the inequality. In systems where many people are free to choose between many options, a small subset of the whole will get a disproportionate amount of traffic or attention, or incomeeven if no members of the system actively work towards such an outcome.
This has nothing to do with moral weakness, selling out, or any other psychological explanation. The very act of choosing, spread widely enough and freely enough, creates a power law distribution.
For much of the last century, investigators have been finding power law distributions in human systems. The linguist George Zipf observed that word frequency falls in a power law pattern, with a small number of high frequency words I, of, thea moderate number of common words book, cat cupand a huge number of low frequency words peripatetic, hypognathous.
Jacob Nielsen observed power law distributions in web site page viewsand so on. We are all so used to bell curve distributions that power law distributions can seem odd. The shape of Figure 1, several hundred blogs ranked by number of inbound links, is roughly a power law distribution.
They were InstaPundit and Andrew Sullivan, unsurprisingly. The data is drawn from N. Z Bear's work on the blogosphere ecosystem. The current version of this project can now be found at http: The inbound link data is just an example: Yahoo Groups mailing lists ranked by subscribers is a power law distribution.
Figure 2 LiveJournal users ranked by friends is a power law. Figure 3 Jason Kottke has graphed the power law distribution of Technorati link data.
The traffic to this article will be a power law, with a tiny percentage of the sites sending most of the traffic. If you run a website with more than a couple dozen pages, pick any time period where the traffic amounted to at least page views, and you will find that both the page views themselves and the traffic from the referring sites will follow power laws.
All mailing lists in the Yahoo Groups Television category, ranked by number of subscribers Data from September LiveJournal users ranked by number of friends listed.
For whatever is being ranked -- income, links, traffic -- the value of second place will be half that of first place, and tenth place will be one-tenth of first place.
There are other, more complex formulae that make the slope more or less extreme, but they all relate to this curve. We've seen this shape in many systems.
What've we've been lacking, until recently, is a theory to go with these observed patterns. Now, thanks to a series of breakthroughs in network theory by researchers like Albert-Laszlo BarabasiDuncan Wattsand Bernardo Huberman among others, breakthroughs being described in books like LinkedSix Degreesand The Laws of the Webwe know that power law distributions tend to arise in social systems where many people express their preferences among many options.
We also know that as the number of options rise, the curve becomes more extreme. This is a counter-intuitive finding - most of us would expect a rising number of choices to flatten the curve, but in fact, increasing the size of the system increases the gap between the 1 spot and the median spot.
A second counter-intuitive aspect of power laws is that most elements in a power law system are below average, because the curve is so heavily weighted towards the top performers. In Figure 1, the average number of inbound links cumulative links divided by the number of blogs is The first blog below 31 links is nd on the list, meaning two-thirds of the listed blogs have a below average number of inbound links.
We are so used to the evenness of the bell curve, where the median position has the average value, that the idea of two-thirds of a population being below average sounds strange. The actual median, th ofhas only 15 inbound links.This Study Guide consists of approximately 50 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Number the Stars.
BetterLesson's unique formula allows us to bring you high-quality coaching, a professional learning lab, and a learn-by-doing process that embeds PD into the classroom. Number the Stars kind of turns the idea of being a criminal upside down.
Good people like Henrik, Peter, and Annemarie's whole family do things that are technically against the law—and punishable. Essays come in many forms.
In this lesson, you'll learn all about a narrative essay, from its basic definition to the key characteristics that make for an engaging and effective essay.
Nov 09, · Below is a list of the 20 most common IELTS essay topics that appear in writing task 2 with subtopics. Although the essay questions change, the subject of the essays often remains the same. Number The Stars. Number The Stars The book I read was Number The Stars. Written by Lois Lowry.
The story was based on the life a young Jewish girl named Ellen. Ellen’s family diside’s to send her to stay with there friends the Johansen’s to try to save her life from the nazis.