Role of the Barangay.
Inevitably such an approach leads to a plethora of farm types. A different approach is taken here. Emphasis is on farm-system structure from a farm management and farm-household perspective with classification based on: From such a structural viewpoint there are basically six major types of farm system to be found in Asia and elsewhere around the developing world with dozens of subtypes constituting a continuum of farm types between the extremes of a totally subsistence to a totally commercial orientation.
The six basic farm types are: Small subsistence-oriented family farms. Small semi-subsistence or part-commercial family farms, usually of one half to two hectares, but area is not a good criterion: Small independent specialized family farms. Small dependent specialized family farms, often with the family as tenants.
Large commercial family farms, usually specialized and operated along modified estate lines. Commercial estates, usually mono-crop and with hired management and absentee ownership. Each of the six farm types is now discussed in turn.
Small subsistence-oriented family farms There are two main subtypes.
First, and of lesser numerical importance, are those based on only one or two crops or livestock types e. Some farms of this subtype are based more on exploitation or management of a local natural resource - in the extreme case, by use of shifting cultivation or by nomadism - than on deliberate choice of their main farm enterprise e.
However, the main group of Asian subsistence-oriented farms is based on a wide range of crops and animal types. This second subtype is of necessity more highly mixed than are Type 2 part-commercial farms.
Farms which are completely self-sufficient are rare, but self-sufficiency remains the operating objective and, if forced by circumstances, farms of this type could exist in isolation from the outside world.
The structure of a Type 1 farm is exemplified in Figure 2. The focus for evaluation and analysis of Type 1 farms is the household rather than the farm component of the system. However, Type 1 farms have most of the characteristics of Type 2 farms and these are discussed below in relation to this latter type.
Small semi-subsistence or part-commercial family farms This type is predominant throughout South and South East Asia in terms of the number of such units, the large number of people supported by them and the total volume of their production - especially of basic foodstuffs.
Such cash is obtained primarily by sale of commodities which are surplus to family requirements, and secondarily - where this is possible - by production and sale of some cash crop raised specifically for this purpose.
The comparative operating objectives of this and other farm types are discussed in Chapter 6. Type 2 farms can be further classified according to geographical occurrence e. However, they are all basically similar in their crop activities which consist essentially of one or more staple food crops plus a leguminous protein source plus an oil crop see Section 9.
Some examples of geographically typical crop mixes are: Livestock, whether fish, poultry or larger animals, are typically important on Type 2 farms.transfer of responsibility, decision-making, resources and revenue generation to a local level of public authority that is autonomous and .
Capacity building (or capacity development) is the process by which individuals and organizations obtain, improve, and retain the skills, knowledge, tools, equipment and other resources needed to do their jobs competently or to a greater capacity (larger scale, larger audience, larger impact, etc).Capacity building and capacity development are often used interchangeably.
Provided, however, That barangays shall have the exclusive power to levy taxes, as provided under Section hereof, on gross sales or receipts of the preceding calendar year of Fifty thousand pesos (P50,) or less, in the case of cities, and Thirty thousand pesos .
Social Knowledge Social Sciences is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
It in turn has many branches, each of which is considered a "social science". The main social sciences include economics, political science, human geography, demography, and sociology.
In the Philippines, efforts to make governance gender responsive are promoted through legislation, such as the Magna Carta of Women (MCW) which mandates non-discriminatory and pro-gender equality and equity measures to enable women’s participation in the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of policies, plans, and .
Philippines Table of Contents.
The Philippines has traditionally had a private enterprise economy both in policy and in practice. The government intervened primarily through fiscal and monetary policy and in the exercise of its regulatory authority.