Genocide as a crime Definition according to Convention of the United Nations of By genocide is understood actions which are committed in the intention to destroy a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, in whole or in part. Genocide in another sense In another sense genocide also encloses the deliberate homicide of political, economical, ideological or also ethical-moral opponents, but not the military homicide of soldiers, i. This war originated from confessional differences in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation and from the intensifying differences between the system of estates and the Habsburg Monarchy. By the intervention of external powers the Empire became the scene of a European struggle for power.
German-occupied EuropeConcentration and extermination camps, and ghettos. Territories of the Axis Powers are in olive green. The logistics of the mass murder turned the country into what Michael Berenbaum called "a genocidal state". Bureaucrats identified who was a Jew, confiscated property, and scheduled trains that deported Jews.
Companies fired Jews and later employed them as slave labour. Universities dismissed Jewish faculty and students. German pharmaceutical companies tested drugs on camp prisoners; other companies built the crematoria.
The killings were systematically conducted in virtually all areas of occupied Europe —more than 20 occupied countries. Hundreds of thousands more died in the rest of Europe. They included the head of the German Red Cross, tenured professors, clinic directors, and biomedical researchers.
Some dealt with sterilization of men and women, the treatment of war wounds, ways to counteract chemical weapons, research into new vaccines and drugs, and the survival of harsh conditions.
History of the Jews in GermanyChristianity and antisemitismMartin Luther and antisemitismReligious antisemitismand Racial antisemitism Throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, Jews were subjected to antisemitism based on Christian theology, which blamed them for killing Jesus.
Even after the ReformationCatholicism and Lutheranism continued to persecute Jews, accusing them of blood libels and subjecting them to pogroms and expulsions. The movement embraced a pseudo-scientific racism that viewed Jews as a race whose members were locked in mortal combat with the Aryan race for world domination.
This did not mean that antisemitism had disappeared; instead it was incorporated into the platforms of several mainstream political parties. Many Germans did not accept that their country had been defeated, which gave birth to the stab-in-the-back myth. Inflaming the anti-Jewish sentiment was the apparent over-representation of Jews in the leadership of communist revolutionary governments in Europe, such as Ernst Tollerhead of a short-lived revolutionary government in Bavaria.
This perception contributed to the canard of Jewish Bolshevism. Open about his hatred of Jews, he subscribed to the common antisemitic stereotypes. He viewed Marxism as a Jewish doctrine, said he was fighting against " Jewish Marxism ", and believed that Jews had created communism as part of a conspiracy to destroy Germany.
Enemies were divided into three groups: The latter two groups were to be sent to concentration camps for "re-education", with the aim of eventual absorption into the Volksgemeinschaft.
Jews were not allowed to own farms. Works by Jewish composers,  authors, and artists were excluded from publications, performances, and exhibitions. Fellow citizen, that is your money too. The courts reached a decision in 64, of those cases; 56, were in favor of sterilization.
In addition there were specialized killing centres, where the deaths were estimated at 20, according to Georg Renno, the deputy director of Schloss Hartheimone of the "euthanasia" centers, or , according to Frank Zeireis, the commandant of the Mauthausen concentration camp.
Eberhard Karl University received 1, bodies from executions between and The neuroscientist Julius Hallervorden received brains from one hospital between and Where they came from and how they came to me was really none of my business. They were put on a flight to Warsaw.
The former said that only those of "German or kindred blood" could be citizens. Anyone with three or more Jewish grandparents was classified as a Jew. He was expelled from the Kaiser Wilhelm Society and the Prussian Academy of Sciencesand his citizenship was revoked.
Austrian Nazis broke into Jewish shops, stole from Jewish homes and businesses, and forced Jews to perform humiliating acts such as scrubbing the streets or cleaning toilets. AboutAustrian Jews had left the country by Mayincluding Sigmund Freud and his family.In January , after a bitter ten-year political struggle, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany.
During his rise to power, Hitler had repeatedly blamed the Jews for Germany's defeat in World War I and subsequent economic hardships.
In January , after a bitter ten-year political struggle, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany. During his rise to power, Hitler had repeatedly blamed the Jews for Germany's defeat in World War I and subsequent economic hardships.
Germany Genocide in Namibia: Germany remains at odds with its colonial legacy. Namibia's Herero people have filed a lawsuit in the US against Germany over a genocide in the early 20th century. Genocide in Germany Genocide in Germany Resources See Also Anti-Semitism Auschwitz Babi Yar Concentration Camps Einsatzgruppen Extermination Centers Gestapo Ghetto Goebbels, Joseph Göring, Hermann Heydrich, Reinhard Himmler, Heinrich Hitler, Adolf .
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After coming to power in , Germany’s Nazi Party implemented a highly organized strategy of persecution, murder, and genocide aimed at ethnically “purifying” Germany, a plan .