Apr 14, Introduction Genetic research has advanced in a dramatic fashion in the last decade or so, to the point where it has now become possible to attempt therapeutic genetic modification, in a few cases of human genes, where a defects exists which manifests itself in certain serious diseases. This possibility, known as gene therapy, is only in its infancy. At present, no one knows how effective it will prove to be, even in the few conditions on which it is being tried - whether it will only be of relatively limited application, or whether it will open up many wider possibilities. It suffers both over-optimistic claims from some quarters and exaggerated dangers from others, over which the church needs to be discerning.
It occurs naturally in nature and can be observed in certain plants and insects but, in the recent years, scientists have been trying to duplicate the process in laboratories.
Reproductive cloning is often compared with therapeutic cloning.
Many think that reproductive cloning is one of the keys to the future, but a lot of people believe that it breaches numerous moral and ethical principles. List of Pros of Reproductive Cloning 1. It can revive endangered or extinct species.
The same is true for endangered animals, which are easier to clone since there are still several males and females of the species around and scientists can extract healthy X-chromosomes and Y-chromosomes to use in the cloning process.
It can improve the field of medicine. Reproductive cloning is highly helpful in developing medical advancements. It can also be used in reproducing stem cells, which can be used to repair damaged organs and even create wholly new organs that can then be transplanted into patients.
Reproductive cloning can also be used in developing various drugs and vaccines that can treat and prevent illnesses. These cloned animals can then be used as breeding stocks, which means that farmers can easily produce animal products that are superior in quantity and quality.
It can create a copy of a deceased pet. Many people love their pets too much that they get devastated when these pass away. In the case of two cats named CC and Rainbow the former was the genetic copy of the latterCC did not look like Rainbow because her X-chromosomes gave her black and white fur whereas Rainbow had a calico coat.
It can help parents who want to have children. But, when the time comes that the method would be perfected, reproductive cloning can be used to help infertile parents who would like to have their own children as well as parents who want to have twins.
List of Cons of Reproductive Cloning 1. Many cloning experiments ended in miscarriage and stillbirths, while a large percentage of cloned animals that survived pregnancy were born with deformities.
In the case of Dolly the sheep, almost cloned embryos were created before the scientists successfully cloned Dolly. Even then, she grew up to become a sickly sheep and had to be euthanized because of her illnesses.
It can lead to abuse. Reproductive cloning is a powerful tool that may lead many people to use it for their own gain. It works against moral and religious principles. Many people believe that only God can create human beings. It may lead to physical, emotional, and mental damage in cloned children.
If humans become successfully cloned, it can lead to several repercussions for children. Final Thoughts Reproductive cloning has the power to change the future for the better. However, people should also look at the disadvantages it can bring and find a balance between its pros and cons.Moral and Ethical Issues in Gene Therapy.
Published: Apr 14, Introduction. Genetic research has advanced in a dramatic fashion in the last decade or so, to the point where it has now become possible to attempt therapeutic genetic modification, in a few cases of human genes, where a defects exists which manifests itself in certain serious diseases.
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For nutrition and its associated disciplines, ethical considerations related to research are often complicated by factors that range from the use of experimental research designs that are overly holistic to inextricable links between nutrition research and marketing.
An overview of information about cloning and embryonic stem cell research from the July Ethical Boundaries workshop. Four panels addressed the specific scientific, religious, ethical, and legal implications of human reproductive cloning and stem cell research.
This document gives a brief summary of the issues as they were raised by the four panels.