To clarify death further, we will need to say a bit about the nature of life, and ask whether life can be suspended or restored, and how it relates to our continued existence. We can also distinguish between the concept of death and criteria by which death can be detected. Suppose we could construct a machine, the HAL 1. It seems that being conscious does not entail being alive.
In April this year Arkansas planned to execute the above eight men in the space of just 11 days. It is the first time in US history that so many individuals were scheduled to die at the hands of the state in such a short space of time. The executions were sanctioned by the Governor of Arkansas, Asa Hutchinson, because the state's supply of midazolam, one of three drugs used in the execution process, was due to expire.
Obtaining medications for use in lethal injections has become increasingly difficult as a result of an EU export ban which prevents supply from European drug companies. That may give some indication as to why Mr Hutchinson took such a 'bold' decision.
One can hope that it was not simply down to the expense of wasting stocks. Unsurprisingly, the announcement that the executions were to go ahead caused outrage among death penalty charities and other human rights organisations.
Only 23 of nation states carried out executions in However, the important question is whether a state taking the lives of so many, or any, of its citizens, is out of touch with the attitudes of the the people of that country; i.
The Eighth Amendment prohibits 'cruel and unusual punishment'. Marshall J's assertion was that the death penalty is an example of such punishment because ordinary members of the public consider it to be cruel and unusual.
The statement itself has been the centre of much debate on whether laws must reflect the moral consensus of the people in order to be valid, and is still taught to students of jurisprudence at universities today.
What is often not mentioned in these debates is whether the statement is true in fact, in that that the public as a whole do find capital punishment morally unacceptable.
The reality is that support for the death penalty in the United States is, and always has been, strong. This was the only occasion that opposition outweighed support. However, that still represents a sizeable majority that would see the practice of execution continue.
Marshall J's statement may therefore have been incorrect but it highlights one important fact. The most effective argument in favour of abolishing the death penalty will only arise when a significant majority of the public are against its use.
Public opinion is the main force driving policy decisions and officials in the US are often elected on a stance of 'tough on crime'.
Even democrat Bill Clinton joined the rhetoric in order to boost his popularity and introduced the infamous Crime Bill, which led to a surge in harsh sentencing. It is a trend that has seen the average length of prison sentences spiral to incomprehensible levels and resulted in the US having the highest incarceration rate in the world.
There are currently over 2, people locked away in US prisons. Lengthy sentences may be a separate issue, and preferable to capital punishment, but both continue because of a culture in which society is seeking retribution and punishment for offenders instead of rehabilitation.
Regrettably there does not seem to be any real hope for progress in this regard with the election of Donald Trump, a long term, outspoken advocate of the death penalty.
Your Views 'Are you in favour of the death penalty for a person convicted of murder? Public will campaigns in particular aim to increase the visibility of an issue, affect perceptions of that issue and engage and motivate people to speak or act.
The hope being that the more widespread and vocal support there is for the campaign, the more pressure it will place on policy makers to take note and make changes. Campaigns against capital punishment are not in short supply. Charities such Amnesty InternationalAmicus ALJ and Reprieve focus huge resources into raising awareness through their websites, social media, new articles and other media.Nov 21, · These facts drawn from the Pew survey about American attitudes towards death show the importance of thinking about the HUFFPOST PERSONAL First .
Identify cultural and personal attitudes about death and dignity in late adulthood. Prepare a 1, to 1,word paper in which you analyze late adulthood and the death of an individual as a culmination of the life span developmental process.
instrument, the Near-Death Phenomena Knowledge and Attitudes Questionnaire, and to assess the knowledge of and attitudes toward NDEs of 20 critical care nurses at a large Midwestern medical center.
prior victimization nor personal fear predict death penalty attitudes. General concern about crime, however, and exposure to crime through the media might be influential.
Do You Have a Healthy Attitude About Death? Is the start of life "good" and the end "bad" as reflected in current social attitudes?
HUFFPOST PERSONAL First-person essays, features. YOUR MENTAL ATTITUDE to life is one of the key elements of your personality makeup. It is your default way of viewing reality, the seven options being: Realism, Spiritualism, Idealism, Pragmatism, Cynicism, Skepticism and Stoicism.