India[ edit ] His administration secure, Pitt could begin to enact his agenda. His first major piece of legislation as Prime Minister was the India Actwhich re-organised the British East India Company and kept a watch over corruption. It differed from Fox's failed India Bill and specified that the Board would be appointed by the King.
Pitt lived and died a bachelor, totally obsessed with political office. He was clever, single-minded, confident of his own abilities, and a natural politician. But perhaps his greatest asset in the early s was his youth.
His mother was Lady Hester Grenville, sister of George Grenville who headed the government from to Both because he was extremely delicate and because his father disliked public schools, he was educated at home. He was a precocious boy and went to Pembroke Hall, Cambridgeat the age of In Septemberbecause of his youth, he failed to secure election to Parliament for Cambridge University but four months later was provided with a seat for Appleby in Westmorlandon condition that he should resign it should his views and those of his patron diverge.
Pitt made a successful maiden speech and, in Marchwhen it was clear that a new ministry would soon be formed, announced with astonishing self-confidence that he had no intention of accepting a subordinate position.
Under Lord Shelburnewho succeeded as prime minister in JulyPitt became chancellor of the Exchequer. According to his contemporary biographer, his form tutor and friend George Tomline, Pitt then replied that he had not come there to betray Lord Shelburne.
King George IIIunwilling to accept the coalition that would give office to Fox, whom he hated, invited Pitt to form a government; but Pitt declined, knowing he would not have a majority in the House of Commons, and the King had to commission Fox and North.
To embarrass the new government, which, under the nominal premiership of the Duke of Portland, consisted of an admixture of reformers and anti-reformers, Pitt brought forward the question of parliamentary reform, with which he had already once, a year earlier, concerned himself.
He suggested no extension of the franchise but recommended measures to prevent bribery and to make the representation more realistic.
Although his resolutions were defeated, reformers now looked to him, rather than to Fox, as their parliamentary leader. But Fox would not consent to join a government from which his ally Lord North would have been excluded. Pitt admitted that his situation was without precedent but denied that he was prime minister through backstairs influence.
By March 8 the majority against him was one vote, and on March 25 Parliament was dissolved. Patronage and corruption gave Pitt a majority, and secret service money paid election bills.
Pitt himself was returned for the University of Cambridge ; only once againat subsequent elections, did he have to stand a contest. When Pitt became prime minister, the national credit was impaired by the heavy cost of the American Revolution.
Pitt imposed new taxes to wipe out the deficit, checked smuggling by reducing the high duties that encouraged it, and reduced frauds in the revenue by establishing an improved system of auditing.
He also simplified customs and excise duties, bringing them into a single consolidated fund, out of which all public creditors were to be paid.
In he introduced a sinking fund on a new principle: In another act provided that a sinking fund of 1 percent should be attached to every new loan, which would thereby be redeemed within 45 years.
The system worked reasonably well in peacetime because there was an annual surplus of revenue, but, after the outbreak of war inthe government redeemed debt bearing a low interest by fresh borrowing at a higher rate of interest.
Pitt, therefore, introduced his own East India bill He set up a new government department, the Board of Control, to supervise the directors of the company.
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|Background and education||India[ edit ] His administration secure, Pitt could begin to enact his agenda. His first major piece of legislation as Prime Minister was the India Actwhich re-organised the British East India Company and kept a watch over corruption.|
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He also ended an inappropriate division of authority in India by making the governor general supreme over the subordinate governments of Bombay and Madras.
In a supplementary act increased the authority of the governor general over his own council. Warren Hastingsgovernor general of Bengal sincereturned home inhaving greatly strengthened British power in India, only to undergo the ordeal of an impeachment for his conduct.
Pitt honestly believed that there was a case against Hastings and, determined that the British name should be freed from the suspicion of injustice or oppression in the government of Asian peoples, supported the demand for an inquiry.William Pitt, the Younger, (born May 28, , Hayes, Kent, England—died January 23, , London), British prime minister (–, –06) during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.
He had considerable influence in strengthening the office of the prime minister. William Pitt was a British politician that became the youngest prime minister at the age of 24 in William Pitt the Younger. William Pitt was born at Hayes, , the king invited William Pitt to form a new government.
At the age of only twenty-four, Pitt became Britain's youngest prime minister. When it was announced that Pitt had accepted the king's invitation. William Pitt the Younger (28 May – 23 January ) was a prominent British Tory statesman of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
He became the youngest British prime minister in at the age of He left office in , but was Prime Minister again from until his death in The younger William Pitt – known as the ‘schoolboy' – began his days as Prime Minister in deeply underestimated and completely beleaguered. Yet he annihilated his opponents in the General Election the following year and dominated the governing of Britain for twenty-two years [nearly nineteen of them as Prime Minister].
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